Where Do Hedgehogs Live? Native and Introduced!


Not Many Know Hedgehog Origins and How They Expanded Over the World.

Hedgehogs live in different areas of the world in different climates and habitats, both in the wild and as pets in homes.

I’ll give you the overview of where wild hedgehogs live, as well as how hedgehogs are able to live in homes as pets.

 

What Parts of the World are Hedgehogs Found in?

There are around seventeen (17) species of hedgehogs, with origins in either Africa, Asia, or Europe. As ay other wild animal, they were introduced into other countries like New Zealand and United States.

 

Hedgehogs are not found in the wild in North America, and the African Pygmy hedgehog was domesticated and brought over to the U.S. as pets in the 1980’s.

 

There is no records that Hedgehogs have been introduced and kept in Australia, as they are illegal to breed.

 

Where do Hedgehogs Live in Africa?

hedgehog map Africa
The major areas where Hedgehogs are found in Africa are shaded in black. Map via mgzoo.com

In Africa, native hedgehogs can be found in dry climates, all the way across the central and Eastern portions of the continent.

 

They thrive in areas where the are large supplies of insects and warm temperatures.

 

African hedgehogs tend to avoid swamp and dense forest areas and typically stick to grassy, rocky or woodland areas.

Because of the warm conditions in Africa, these breeds of hedgehogs typically will not need to hibernate during the winter months.

 

Where do Hedgehogs Live in Europe?

European hedgehogs are native to the areas in Europe shown in green. Image via Wikimedia Commons.
European hedgehogs are native to the areas in Europe shown in green. Image via Wikimedia Commons.

European hedgehogs can be found in several areas of the continent, including the United Kindom, Spain, Portugal, Italy, France, and portions of the Nordic countries.

 

These “common hedgehogs” are typically found in habitats made of grasslands, woodlands or meadows, typically closer to border areas near humans rather than in the remote wild.

 

Hedgehogs are quite commonly seen in gardens in the United Kingdom.

They’re known as the gardener’s friend, because they eat a lot of the insects along with snails and slugs that could be harmful to flowers.

These garden hedgehogs may make a home in your yard, creating a nest out of leaves and logs.

It is okay to feed these little friends hedgehog-safe foods and provide them with water if you’d like to keep them coming back to your yard.

Since the climate in Europe gets chilly in the late fall and winter months, they will hibernate in order to survive the cold.

 

Where do Hedgehogs Live in Asia?

Asian hedgehogs are native to the areas shown in grey. Image via Wikimedia Commons.
Asian hedgehogs are native to the areas shown in grey. Image via Wikimedia Commons.

Hedgehogs native to Asia are known as “long-eared hedgehogs” and can be found throughout central Asia and portions of the Middle East.

As a native mammal, they have been also found in countries including China, Russia, Turkey, Ukraine, and down through the Middle Eastern countries including Egypt, Israel, Afghanistan and Iran, along with several other countries.

These hedgehogs try to avoid the desserts and mountain terrains found in these areas, favoring moderate climates.

They tend to thrive in areas closer to human civilizations, in grassy areas, near forests or close to water sources.

The reason is because there is more natural food sources in green areas or where the soil is disturbed frequently.

 

How Should Domesticated Hedgehogs Be Kept?

Domesticated hedgehogs, African Pygmy Hedgehogs, come from areas of Africa. They are accustomed to warm climates, and should be kept in warm temperatures in your home (around 72-78 degrees Fahrenheit).


 

Meg

Hi!, I'm Megan from Hedgehog Care 101. I started this site after seeing a friends looking after a baby hedgehog and how interesting was to care for it. HHC101 is a source of information for people looking to adopt a hedgehog as pet.

5 thoughts on “Where Do Hedgehogs Live? Native and Introduced!

  • March 3, 2019 at 12:45 pm
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    No, you can pick up a hedgehog and the spines won’t hurt you if you don’t press too hard, but beware of the fleas, hedgehogs are riddled with them

    Reply
  • March 14, 2019 at 3:00 pm
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    Do hedgehogs have diseases that are bad for humans?

    Reply
  • March 14, 2019 at 3:02 pm
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    How much do hedgehogs eat a day.

    Reply
    • August 20, 2021 at 3:47 am
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      Hi again,
      just a couple of times per day.
      Cheer
      Meg

      Reply

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