Hedgehog Facts

Interested in getting to know more about hedgehogs? They are interesting creatures with plenty to learn about! Here is a list some basic info and interesting hedgehog facts to get help you expand your knowledge.

Basic Hedgehog Facts:

  1. There are a total of 15 species of hedgehogs.
  2. Hedgehogs are native to Africa, Asia and Europe.
  3. The scientific name for hedgehogs is Erinaceinae.
  4. African Pygmy hedgehogs are by far the most common pet hedgehogs.
  5. Hedgehogs are insectivores, and eat mainly insects in the wild.
  6. Hedgies are nocturnal, and sleep during the day.
  7. In the wild, European hedgehogs hibernate during the cold months.
  8. Hedgehogs quills are actually individual spines.
  9. They have between 5,000 and 6,500 spines.
  10. Hedgehogs are lactose intolerant.

Cute Hedgehog Facts:

  1. A baby hedgehog is called a hoglet or pup, and is born after 32 days.
  2. Hedgehogs are born in litters of 1 to up to 9 hoglets.
  3. Hedgehogs can climb trees.
  4. They can also swim quite well.
  5. They love running on a hamster wheel in their cage.
  6. Hedgies also love playing with empty toilet paper tubes (cut down the middle so they don’t get stuck!)
  7. Some hedgehogs are quite snugly and affectionate, while others are very grumpy most of the time.

Interesting Hedgehog Facts:

  1. When threatened, hedgehogs are able to curl up in a ball, extending their quills for defense.
  2. Hedgehogs are born blind.
  3. Hedgehogs can run faster than 6 feet per second when necessary.
  4. They are solitary animals, preferring to be on their own and only pairing up to mate.
  5. Hedgehogs self-anoint when they come into contact with certain scents – a process where they disperse saliva onto their quills. It is unknown why they do this.
  6. A hedgehog’s quills are filled with air pockets on the inside.


Know any other hedgehog facts we should add? Let us know at {info @ hedgehogcare101.com}


Hi!, I'm Megan from Hedgehog Care 101. I started this site after seeing a friends looking after a baby hedgehog and how interesting was to care for it. HHC101 is a source of information for people looking to adopt a hedgehog as pet.

2 thoughts on “Hedgehog Facts

  • December 21, 2016 at 4:43 am

    is there a way you can tell what sex they are.

    • May 31, 2017 at 8:16 am

      When you turn them onto their back, a male will have a belly button a third the way up his tummy.


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