Hedgehog Facts

Interested in Getting to Know More About Hedgehogs?

They are interesting small creatures with plenty to learn about!

Here is a list some basic info and useful hedgehog facts to get help you expand your knowledge.


Basic Hedgehog Facts

  1. Based on Hedgehog Street and other trusted sourced, there are a total of fifteen (17) species of hedgehogs around the world.
  2. Hedgehogs are native to Africa, Asia and Europe, contrary to what could be found in North America and Australia (introduced).
  3. The scientific name for hedgehogs is Erinaceinae.
  4. African Pygmy hedgehogs are by far the most common pet hedgehogs.
  5. They are insectivores, and their diet comprises 80% mainly from insects in the wild.
  6. Hedgies are nocturnal, and sleep during the day.
  7. In the wild, European hedgehogs hibernate during the cold months.
  8. Their quills are actually individual spines.
  9. They have between 5,000 and 6,500 spines.
  10. Hedgehogs are lactose intolerant so be careful.


Cute Hedgehog Facts

  1. A baby hedgehog is called a hoglet or pup, and is born after 32 days.
  2. They are born in litters of 1 to up to 9 hoglets.
  3. Hedgehogs can climb trees with no many issues but if this happens, keep an eye on it.
  4. They can also swim quite well as their body lets them float easly.
  5. As a pet, they like running on a hamster wheels. This is good to keep them healthy.
  6. Hedgies also love playing with empty toilet paper tubes, so try and see.
  7. Some hedgehogs are quite snugly and affectionate, while others are very grumpy most of the time.


Interesting Hedgehog Facts

  1. When threatened, they are able to curl up in a ball, extending their quills for defense.
  2. Hedgehogs are born blind and takes a few weeks for them to start seeing.
  3. It has been noted that they run faster than 6 feet per second when necessary.
  4. As solitary animals, they preferring to be on their own and only pairing up to mate.
  5. Some odors can be bothersome for them, specially incense. As a result, they disperse saliva onto their quills. It is unknown why they do this.
  6. A hedgehog’s quills are filled with air pockets on the inside.


Know any other hedgehog facts we should add? Let us know at {info@hedgehogcare101.com}



Hi!, I'm Megan from Hedgehog Care 101. I started this site after seeing a friends looking after a baby hedgehog and how interesting was to care for it. HHC101 is a source of information for people looking to adopt a hedgehog as pet.

5 thoughts on “Hedgehog Facts

  • December 21, 2016 at 4:43 am

    is there a way you can tell what sex they are?

    • May 31, 2017 at 8:16 am

      When you turn them onto their back, a male will have a belly button a third the way up his tummy.

    • March 3, 2020 at 9:18 pm

      There should be a little circle on the..um area for boys and the girls don’t have one.

      • August 23, 2021 at 5:54 am

        Thanks Lulu, awesome input.


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