It is Important to Care for a Hedgehog but What Are the Minimum Things to Do to Keep Them Happy and Healthy?
Once you’ve begun to prepare for your new hedgehog, it’s time to learn how to take care of him!
In this section, we’ll discuss all of the areas of hedgehog care, including diet and food, cleaning, play and exercise.
Hedgehogs are quite sensitive to temperature, certain foods, and even smells. Because of their sensitivities, it’s important to become familiar with the right foods and diet, as well as proper bathing, cleanliness, and care techniques.
Hedgehog Food and Diet
Hedgehogs are insectivores, and in the wild, their diet is composed primarily of insects (though, they aren’t too picky and will eat plenty of other foods).
Luckily, when they are domesticated, they do not rely on a diet of insects. Instead, the majority of their food typically consists of 1-2 tablespoons of cat food per day!
Another fact is that they do like to eat different foods as snacks. This is good to bring some variety into their diet.
despite of the above, they also have several dietary restrictions that you should be aware to avoid causing harm to them.
Bath and Grooming
While hedgehogs don’t need to be bathed frequently, it is recommended to give them a good care typically once a month.
One good thing about them is that they are very good swimmers and typical enjoy their bath time.
However, keep in mind that they do have sensitive skin. To help you finding out the options to avoid issues with their skin, I highly recommended the shampoo options listed on our hedgehog bath and grooming page, here.
Another topic we cover on the grooming page is nail clipping. It’s important to clip your hedgie’s nails about once every two weeks so that they don’t get caught on any fabrics or materials.
Hedgehog Cage Cleaning
Similar to any other living animal that requires a healthy and clean environment, it’s important to keep your hedgehog’s cage clean to eliminate the germs from their living area.
It’s recommended that you spot clean and remove all the depositions from his cage daily. This also includes cleaning the linings and any other elements inside the cage.
Play and Exercise
Hedgehogs can become obese quite easily, so one important aspect of taking care for a pet hedgehog is ensuring that he gets the proper amount of exercise and play.
The best way to make sure your hedgie gets enough exercise is to get him a small animal exercise wheel for inside his cage.
Many hedgehogs will run miles a day on their wheels, keeping them healthy while having some fun.
Lastly, you should take them out of the cage for about a half hour or more per day to allow him to socialize, relax with you, or get some extra exercise.
Hedgehog Care for Different Personality Types
As you become more comfortable with caring for a pet hedgehog, you will begin to become familiar with your their personality and temperament.
In our article about hedgehogs as pets, you can read about their different personalities.
You’ll find out that they can be very different from each other; some are social, while some could be grumpy.
The amount of care you’ll have to provide for your hedgehog depends a lot on their personality, because grumpy or antisocial hedgehogs prefer to less socialization than the more energetic or friendly hedgehogs.
Some hedgehogs love to explore outside their cage, which is great as long as you make sure to keep a close eye on them!
Other hedgehogs are very cuddly and will enjoy spending their play time cozy on your lap.
Some hedgehogs can be quite grumpy and would much prefer to be left alone inside their cage.
In this case, try your best to get it accustomed to you and being taken out of his cage, but don’t force him to be too social if he appears uncomfortable.